Academic Lead: Catherine Morency, Polytechnique de Montréal
Partner Lead: Howaida Hassan, City of Edmonton
The A1 working group (A1WG) will design and implement a state-of-the-art survey on transport poverty and TRSE in Canada, drawing on the capability framework for understanding transportation barriers and suppressed demand, and the sufficientarian framework to explore what combination of transport provision might be considered a necessary baseline.
We will work with professional survey firms to target and collect data from 20,000 low-income households, with the understanding that these households (which are considered priority populations within this partnership) are subject to multiple sources of structural marginalization, including but not limited to: age, recent immigration, racialization, lone-parent families, and food-insecurity.
A1WG will select Census Metropolitan Areas across Canada for inclusion; the results will yield important information about the scale, causes, and effects of transport poverty within different structurally marginalized groups and across different metropolitan regions of Canada. We have identified the following potential survey sections, which will be confirmed/refined prior to the survey’s launch: demographic information; barriers and attractors to travel at the individual level (e.g., language, driver’s licenses, smartphone ownership, fear of personal safety or COVID transmission), household level (e.g., vehicle ownership, lack of income), and at the neighbourhood level (e.g., crime, transit availability); space-time constraints (e.g., how time pressures such as work/childcare discourage participation in activities); effects of transport poverty on participation and wellbeing in the long (e.g., labour force participation, education, self-assessed health and wellbeing) and short term (e.g., ability to get to doctor appointments and grocery shopping); and travel and activity patterns over a representative period of time.
Unlike previous research involving travel diaries, our survey will collect novel information about the suppressed demand for travel by asking respondents to consider what trips or activities they did not make over the specified period, and why.
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