Academic lead: Meghan Winters, Simon Fraser University
Partner lead: Nancy Smith-Lea, The Centre for Active Transportation
This theme is designed to clarify the barriers to using different modes of transportation (e.g. car, bike, transit) and how those experiencing transport poverty manage or fail to use a mix of travel modes to meet their travel needs. It will interrogate the value of sufficientarian standards for multi-modal transport provision, and contrast this against the capability-based measures of individual needs, barriers, and coping strategies.
Work will begin with a systematic review of existing knowledge on modal barriers across Canada. This review will include barriers related to specific population groups, as well as overall disparities in the supply of different modal infrastructures. This review will inform the design of 3 qualitative case studies, which will address knowledge gaps related to motivators, barriers, and adaptation processes for different modes of transportation. It will also support Activity 1 in the analysis of the national survey. These case studies will be combined with quantitative analysis of the national survey (Activity 1) to clarify whether modal substitution can overcome mode-specific transportation barriers; this will help policymakers support households with poor access to their preferred travel modes. Findings will also yield recommendations for mode-specific providers (e.g., transit agencies, ride-hailing companies, bike-share system operators) – on how to make their services more accessible – and for public policies to enforce this.
The provision of infrastructure also varies by mode in terms of planning, funding, data standards, and regulation. TWG2 will support the other working groups in navigating these considerations, and will identify and construct appropriate mode-specific transport networks and associated service levels and accessibility scores. These data products will be used as inputs across the partnership, and will yield new insights into the establishment of transportation data standards for adoption by industry and government partners. Finally, TWG2 researchers will provide expertise to each mobility pilot (Activity 3), collaborating on pilot design/evaluation and assessing the relevance of findings for mode-specific planning and regulation.
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