New transportation technologies and services provide travelers with additional options for getting around. These services claim multiple benefits: affordability, reliability, convenience, safety, and environmental. However, what do these new options portend for individuals who historically have had limited access to opportunities? This presentation draws on data from the existing body of research on travel behavior and the spatial location of activities in cities to explore the effects of new modes and technologies on the mobility, modal choices, access, and employment of low-income and minority travelers.
Dr. Blumenberg is the director of the Lewis Center for Regional Policy Studies at the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs and a professor of urban planning. Her research examines the effects of urban structure on economic outcomes for low-wage workers, and on the role of planning and policy in shaping the spatial structure of cities. She was honored in 2014 as a White House Champion of Change for her research on the links between transportation access, employment, and poverty.
I propose that if we are serious about promoting transport justice, we should start measuring the prevalence and severity of transport problems directly. We should develop new surveys that seek to systematically identify difficulties in travelling and barriers to travel, rather than registering actual trip-making. We should also explore how big data can be used to identify the most severe transport problem people may experience: the transport problems that prevent people from actually making a trip. Only if we start directly measuring real transport problems, will we start addressing them and move the transport system forward to a state of justice.
Karel Martens is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology (Haifa, Israel) and at the Institute for Management Research, Radboud University (Nijmegen, the Netherlands). He is an international expert on transport and justice. He has authored numerous publications on the topic, culminating in his recent book Transport Justice: Designing Fair Transportation Systems, which has been described by colleagues as “ground-breaking” and as “a revolution”.
Emerging smart mobility systems will integrate real-time information, trip planning, reservations and payment for a range of transportation services (transit, ridesharing, bike and scooter sharing, personal vehicle tolls and parking, etc.). While this seamless experience is an improvement for most travelers, about 15% of adults in the United States are without a bank or credit card account and many rely on restrictive cellular data plans or don’t have smartphones. Dr. Golub will be present the results of recent research projects which explore the dimensions and causes of technology-based exclusion and investigate the effectiveness of transportation agencies’ measures to mitigate them.
Dr. Golub is director and associate professor in the Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning at Portland State University (PSU), moving to PSU after eight years at Arizona State University. Aaron Golub has worked more than twenty years on issues of transportation justice and equity. Much of his work, as both a researcher and advocate, focuses on understanding and improving how long-range transportation plans affect access and mobility for traditionally marginalized populations.